Individual Music Therapy
Goals may include, but are not limited to:
- Increased Motor Function
- Increased Communication
- Increased Cognitive Skills
- Improved Behavior and Attention to Task
Autism and Developmental Delay
- Music is a means of non-verbal communication.
- Musical form and songs resemble verbal communication.
- Music provides structure and motivation for communication.
- Music facilitates relationships to increase self-expression and communication in a non-threatening environment.
- Music therapy can reduce negative self-stimulatory responses and increase socially acceptable participation.
- The limbic system is involved in the processing of music, emotions, behaviors, and feeling states.
- During music therapy sessions, individuals practice non-musical skills that can be used in other settings.
- Music therapy increases social confidence and self-esteem.
Focus and Attention
- Music is processed in multiple areas of the brain, including the prefrontal cortex, inferior frontal cortex, and superior temporal lobes. This can stimulate cognitive function and memory and provides organization for the sensory system.
- Music therapy improves mood; therefore, it increases learning and joint attention.
- Memorizing songs and rhymes is a useful tool for developing literacy.
Physical Disabilities, Neurological Disorders, and Traumatic Brain Injury
- Facilitating Temporal and Quantitative Muscular Control
- Increasing Cadence
- Improving Gait Training
- Improving Ambulation
Memory Care, Geriatrics, and Hospice
- Increased Memory Recall
- Opportunities for Life Review/Reminiscence
- Increased Mood
- Increased Sense of Control
- Increased Self-Awareness/Awareness of Others/Environment
- Decreased Anxiety and Stress
- Decreased Pain and Discomfort
- Increased Sensory Stimulation
- Increased Social Interaction
Music Therapy in Hospice
Music therapy goals include:
- Decreased Anxiety
- Increased Quality of Life
- Promotion of Expression of Feelings and Emotions
- Facilitation of Feelings of Personal Meaningfulness
- Decreased Emotional and Physical Pain
- Alleviated Terminal Agitation/Restlessness
- Decreased Nausea and Vomiting
- Increased Spiritual Support
- Assistance in Loved One’s Interaction with Patient
- Increased Control
- Increased Coping Mechanisms
- Increased Feelings of Closeness, Acceptance, and Intimacy
- Bereavement Follow-Up